What exactly is a diamond?
A diamond is a precious stone formed from an essentially colorless crystalline form of pure carbon. Interestingly, diamond and graphite are both pure forms of carbon. Diamonds are originally formed at depths of 140 to 190 kilometers in the Earth’s mantle.
What is so special about a diamond?
Diamonds are the most precious and enduring of all gemstones, with their very name taken from the ancient Greek word αδάμας (adámas) meaning ‘unbreakable’. For centuries their exquisite beauty, inner fire and unique physical qualities have made them prized above all other gems.
What is a diamond made of?
Diamonds are made of carbon so they form as carbon atoms under a high temperature and pressure; they bond together to start growing crystals.
Why diamonds are so valuable?
The earliest recorded cultures used diamonds to portray strength, the value of love, and even instruments of magic. That value is likely due to a diamond’s natural strength and unique visual appearance in combination with its relative rarity. Even a low-grade gem-quality diamond is still a thing of value and beauty.
Which diamond is the rarest diamond?
Why is diamond a precious stone?
Diamond, the most famed and fabled of all gemstones, is very unique in many ways. Renowned for being the hardest substance on earth, its sparkling fire, durability, and rarity make Diamond the most prized of all gems. No gemstone contains as much allure and interest as does Diamond.
Are diamonds really worthless?
Diamonds are intrinsically worthless: Former De Beers chairman (and billionaire) Nicky Oppenheimer once succinctly explained, “diamonds are intrinsically worthless.” Diamonds aren’t forever: They actually decay, faster than most rocks. Diamonds can bring injury: Yes, the diamond trade creates jobs.
What makes a diamond beautiful?
Beauty — The colorless beauty and inner fire of the diamond has made this precious gem prized for centuries. Each stone’s complex characteristics cannot be duplicated, and no two diamonds can ever be the same. Durability — A diamond is the hardest substance known to man, making it resistant to deterioration.
Are diamonds really indestructible?
To cut right to the chase: diamonds are not indestructible. However, they are the hardest mineral on earth. The word diamond comes from the Greek word “adamas”, which means “unconquerable and indestructible”. But like everything else found on this planet, they can be damaged or even destroyed.
Can a jeweler tell if a diamond is real?
With a 1200x magnification on a power microscope, a jeweler or gemologist is able to scrutinize the stone in detail. At this level of magnification, they’ll be able to see inclusions and small differences in real diamonds compared to moissanite.
Where do real diamonds come from?
Diamond producers worldwide. In 2017, more than 150 million carats of diamonds were mined across the globe. Russia, Canada, Botswana, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Australia lead production. Natural diamonds are formed under intense pressure and heat in the Earth’s crust over millions of years.
Why is diamond so hard?
The outermost shell of each carbon atom has four electrons. In diamond, these electrons are shared with four other carbon atoms to form very strong chemical bonds resulting in an extremely rigid tetrahedral crystal. It is this simple, tightly-bonded arrangement that makes diamond one of the hardest substances on Earth.
Are Diamonds bulletproof?
A diamond is one of the hardest known substances. A bullet can easily shatter a diamond. A bullet would have more trouble shattering your arm than a diamond (unless it was a very big diamond. Then it might stop a bullet.
What’s the rarest gem?